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Petersburski, Jerzy.

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This Polish pianist and composer (1895 - 1979), was especially known for his Tangos, like "Ta Ostatní Niedziela", "Juz Nigdy" and "Tango Milonga" which were milestones in the process installation and distribution of the tango music.

Petersburski Jerzy was born on April 20, 1895 in Poland, in a family of Jewish origin. He graduated from the Warsaw Conservatory, where he studied with Antoni Sygietynski. Later he moved to the city of Vienna (Austria), where he continued his piano studies at the local Music Academy. When he became a talented pianist, his friend Imre Kálmán convinced him to devote himself to popular music rather than classical. In Vienna also debuted as a composer of music for the poems of Alexander Vertinsky, renowned Russian poet and songwriter known for his musical ballads.
When he returned to Poland, became famous for his music composition for cabaret and theaters in Warsaw. He standed out in one of the most famous cabarets in Poland, the "Qui Pro Quo", owned by Julian Tuwim and Marian Hemar.
In late 1920 and early 1930, Petersburski became one of the most popular Polish composers, as several of her creations were "hits" on the radios of Poland and performed in theaters throughout that country.
He had a long list of lyrics authors for his compositions, led by Marian Hemar and followed by the famous poets Wlast Andrzej, Ludwik Szmaragd and Artur Tur. Besides, known music performers contributed to invrease Petersburski popularity: Wera Bobrowska (Juz Nigdy), Hanka Ordonówna (Sam my mówiles), Tola Mánkiewiczówna (Ty, Milosc i wiosna), Ludwik Sempolinski (Cala przyjemnosc), Chor Dana Mieczyzlaw Fogg (Bez sladu) and Adolf Dymsza (Ja i Zonka ma).

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Petersburski was the author of numerous waltzes and fox trots, as well as two operettas (Kochanka Zekranu and I Robert Bertram), however, he is worldwide known for his tangos.
In 1928 he wrote a song in polish called “Tango Milonga” for the singer and actrees Stanislawa Nowicka. This song became a hit almost simultaneously and was translated into several languages, gaining popularity outside of Poland, in Europe and America (in English and German, the title of this song is "Oh, Donna Clara "). This success was interpreted by many foreign artists as Al Jolson, Henry Varny and Edith Piaf.
In the '30s, Petersbursky composed the music of four Polish films, including the hit Eugeniusz Bodo "Królowa Przedmiescie" in 1938.
At that time, the orchestra he founded in 1926 with Henryk Gold gave weekly concerts at the more expensive and prestigious restaurant in Warsaw, the "Warsaw's Adria", frequented by the high Polish society. These weekly presentations were carried out for more than eight years.
In 1939, during the September Campaign of the Polish Defensive War, Jerzy Petersburski served for the Polish Air Force. After the defeat of his country, he moved to the area of Soviet-occupied Poland. In 1940 he was allowed to continue with his career, becoming director of the "Belarusian Jazz Orchestra". He performed his old hits with new lyrics in Russian. Among these were: "Sinii Platochek" (The Blue Scarf), sung by Klavdiya Shulzhenko. Another Russian successes was "Utomliennoye solntse" (Sol Tired), interpreted, among others, by the Orchestra of Dunayevsky Isaak.
After the signing of the Sikorski-Mayski in 1941, he joined the Second Polish Army Corps under the command of Wladyslaw Anders. He was evacuated with the rest of the Polish army to Persia and later moved to Cairo, where he began working for Radio Polonia.
From 1947 and until 1967 he lived in Argentina, Brazil and Venezuela. In Argentina, for almost 20 years, was the director of the National Theatre of Buenos Aires.
He returned to his native Poland in 1967 and married Sylwia Klejdysz, a famous opera singer. He had a son, Jerzy Pertersburski Jr. , In 1969.
He died on October 7, 1979 in Warsaw and his remains are found today in Warsaw Powazki Cemetery.

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